Chronic Sinusitis: Long Term Discomfort

 

Long term discomfort

Cronic Sinusitis usually underrated and goes unnoticed, is unexpectedly one of the most overdiagnosed problems with over 20 million clinic visits per year in the USA alone. It is a prevalent chronic disease affecting male and female, young and old, and shows no mercy to race or socioeconomic status. It is an exasperating infection of the paranasal sinuses located behind the forehead, nasal bones, cheeks and eyes that is predominantly instigated by viral, bacterial, or fungal infections, allergies, and others that feasibly may led to the blockage of the drainage ducts. There are in fact different types of sinusitis including acute, subacute, recurrent and chronic sinusitis which will be given the most emphasis on this reading. To copiouslyappreciate and comprehend what chronic sinusitis is and its management, it pays to know and understand the basics.

The sinuses are hollow, air-filled spaces that connect to the nasal airway. They are lined with pinkish mucous membranes with hair-like structures that would function to propel or sweep any foreign body that is about to enter. This mechanism would be most helpful especially in inhaling dust, pollens and any other allergens. In the case wherein the sinus openings are obstructed following overlooked conditions such as common colds, the clogged mucous and bacteria would subsequently build up and would be a very good precursor to such infections.

When acute sinusitis that typically lasts for 4 weeks is unresolved or untreated and did not respond to any treatment, chronic sinusitis enter. Also known as chronic rhinosinusitis, it is characterized by inflammation of the sinuses lasting 8 weeks or longer. Factors that may contribute to such inflammation are persistent infections from immunologic conditions, allergies, aspirin sensitivity reactions, and other upper airway problems.

Symptoms

The symptoms of chronic sinusitis are as the same as those with acute sinusitis, but symptoms are temporary for the latter. These symptoms include having nasal drainage of either yellow to green in color, or thick in consistency, nasal stuffiness or runny nose causing difficulty in breathing, facial pain due to pressure of the inflamed sinuses, pain behind the eyes, nose, and forehead, reduced sense of smell and taste, ear pain, dental or jaw pain, cough that worsen at night, sore throat from coughing, bad breath, fatigue or body malaise. The signs and symptoms are comparable to acute sinusitis, with the exception that they last longer and often cause more complications. Furthermore, the diagnosis of sinusitis will follow when two or more symptoms are manifested. However, there are other diagnostic tests that your doctor will perform in order to confirm such condition.

Chronic sinusitis is a serious problem and needs to be managed, if not totally eradicated at once, so as to preclude occurrences of potentially fatal complications. The goal of the management is to reduce the sinus inflammation, eliminate the underlying cause, and relieve the symptoms. Treatment will include but not limited to antibiotics, nasal corticosteroids, decongestants, and other over the counter drugs. Also, the treatment of such may not need to done exclusively in the clinic or hospital as it may just add burden and would waste much of your time. Nevertheless, you can actually be self-contained by following these home remedies:

  • Warm compress – apply a warm compress or a warm, moist washcloth to your face to reduce the congestion as well as to relieve pain.
  • Steam inhalation – another alternative for humidifier, sauna, how shower bath, and such which will provide immediate relief through vasodilation.
  • Water therapy – drink plenty of water at least 8 glasses a day to thin out mucous secretions.
  • Diet modification – avoid foods that would trigger hypersensitivity reactions such as sea food.
  • Rest – this will help your immune response to strengthen.

Early detection of the symptoms and prompt remedy of such contributes to the success of the prognosis and in due time, potentially preclude the amount of serious complications.